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ECU tuning and Such

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ECU TUNING AND SUCH

Tuning methods and approaches.

SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 2017

HACKING AQUATEC PUMPS


HACKING AQUATEC PUMPS

If you have been using meth for a few years you might have realized
that the pumps lose their efficacy as time goes by. I've observed 2 of
the areas that are culpable. You will need to disassemble the pump
with a torx T20 socket.

1st
and foremost, the regulator. If you disassemble the regulator you will
notice it has a spring and a small cap that presses down on a rubber
area in the pump head. This rubber can also be removed. IF you remove
this you will notice 2 small holes. One is actually on the high
pressure size of the chamber and the other on the inlet. It works by
basically bleeding off from the high pressure to the inlet once it
overcomes the spring tension. Over time this seal loses its efficacy
and bleeds off much sooner than your desired target pressure no matter
how much you adjust the Allen key screw. You may notice the holes have
permanently marked/imprinted on the seal. You can flip/rotate the seal
giving a the holes a fresh location on the rubber to seal with.

2nd culprit is the clear plastic that houses the EPDM valves. This is
prone to cracking and also warping near the oval seal- leading to
pressure seeping away from the high pressure side to the inlet area.
This can be replaced for a few bucks (Devils own sells it) Also, the
black housing that seals with the high pressure oval seal, is also
prone to warping. A hot air gun can massage them both into shape but
be careful they get mushy real fast, so use low heat even though it
may take longer.



Having done the above fixes to your pump you should be back to a dead
head pressure somewhere between 160 and 180 psi. By the way, none of
the pumps i tested brand new gave me 200 psi for any longer than a few
days! In fact, when I contacted Aquatec they themselves told me to
ignore re-sellers claim of 300PSI as the regulator isn't designed to
hold that much, let alone function at that pressure when spraying! I
tested this myself and found it to be true. That is, a dead head
pressure of say 200 psi results in about 160 psi while spraying. It
won't function at 200 psi for any longer than a few days/weeks as the
regulator's seal wears and start bleeding off pressure much sooner.

Ready for some REAL pressure?

I will show you how to get 200-300 psi dead head pressure and 160-200
spraying pressure. You remember the two holes on the regulator?



We won't be needing the inner hole one no more. This hole is on the
high pressure side of the assembly and it is through this hole that
fluid is bled off to regulate the pressure. I used a soldering iron
and a clear tie strap to melt a nice plastic seal for that hole.

RESULTS

The pump deadheaded 220 psi at 12 volts, and while spraying a 520cc
nozzle it was at 185 psi. At least there is no more mysterious
pressure drops to look out for :)

at 5:38:00 PM
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SUNDAY, JANUARY 1, 2017

EXHAUST BACKPRESSURE


MORE THAN YOU'VE EVER WANTED TO KNOW ABOUT BACKPRESSURE...

Free Flowing Exhaust
:
Unrestricted flow means unrestricted power.

Cut-outs: Unrestricted flow, but tuned length has changed = power band
shifts (depending on length and diameter of pipe). This causes the
"loss of low end torque" feeling.

Those examples above are two different tuning methods, and WILL effect
torque.

Let's talk about engine mechanics first.

We have a camshaft which is GEARED to the crankshaft. There are VALVE
EVENTS which occur at specified
degrees in relation to the crank position.

If you look at a cam card, you will see notes like:
EVO, EVC, IVO, IVC (etc.)

EVO = Exhaust
 Valve
Open
EVC = Exhast Valve Close

You need to understand that these points NEVER
change no matter how fast the engine spins. You also need to realize
that the exhaust
 pipes
and headers CAN NOT change length as engine RPM changes (obviously).

This means that your INTAKE and EXHAUST
 pipes
are
TUNED for ONE specific RPM.

RPM changes which also changes the WAVELENGTH of
the PRESSURE PULSE.

Understand that an engine spinning at 1000 RPM
creates LESS pressure pulses than an engine spinning
at 6000 RPM.

Also understand at higher RPM these pulses must
happen FASTER in the same RELATIVE TIME (IE: PER MINUTE)

So...1000 pulses per minute have MORE TIME to happen than 6000 pulses
per minute.

This means that higher RPM pulses have a SHORTER
wavelength (pulse length).

Anybody here with a basic understanding of audio
can relate short wavelength of high frequencies of a tweeter to long
wavelength frequencies of bass tones of a sub woofer.

Think about your exhaust system. You are on the
DYNO and holding the engine at 2000 RPM.

The exhaust length is 65 inches and let's pretend
the pulse length is 65 inches.

In the diagram below you have a RED line which
indicates the pressure pulse as it EXITS the exhaust
port and travels the length of the exhaust pipe. When the pulse
reaches the end of the pipe, it meets the atmosphere. When a moving
object HITS another object there is a transfer of energy.

Think of a wave of WATER hitting a wall and bouncing
backward - air moves in a similar fashion. When the exhaust pulse
hits the atmosphere it will reflect back toward the exhaust port.
The dotted blue line represents this reflected wave - notice that the
blue dotted line crosses the black line at, or below the axis.

This means the reflected pulse has reached the
exhaust port with LOWER PRESSURE.

_Question One:

Will having a low pressure pulse reflect back
IMPROVE, or HURT the next exhaust pulse exiting?_

Those who guessed that LOW PRESSURE will IMPROVE
the flow of the next pulse are CORRECT.

Here's why:

If you were water, or air exiting this exhaust pipe, would you find
it easier to exit if there was a valley, or a hill?

The valley is the top scenario.
The hill is the bottom scenario.

Think of low pressure as a WEAK force. `Low` meaning
low force, or low resistance. When the exhaust valve is opening and
the piston is pushing the waste out of the cylinder, the exiting pulse
is HIGH pressure.

The exhaust gas will exit easier if there is little resistance
at the exhaust port. You can also think of low pressure as a VACUUM.
It actually creates a sucking effect at the exhaust port so that
when the valve opens, the low pressure area sucks the gas out of the
cylinder.

Remember...fluids and gasses move from high pressure
to low pressure - that's a key point here.

So the reflected pulse is tuned to reach the port at LOW
pressure. 

Now, what happens when you open your cut-out at 2000 RPM?

Have a look at the next diagram. Notice the top drawing has Engine RPM
at 2000 RPM. The bottom has Engine RPM at 6000 RPM.

Think about what happens to the `EFFECTIVE LENGTH`
of your exhaust. 

Things to think about: 

Is the pipe tuned for a higher, or lower pulse now? The long RED
wavelength is the exhaust pressure pulse @ 2000 RPM.

Question 3: At 6000 RPM with a shorter exhaust
pipe, (or cut-out open), will the torque be higher, or lower?

When you're talking about cutouts the distance is CRITICAL and will
tune the exhaust to be efficient at ONE
RPM, with a tapering curve above and below that RPM. The RED wave in
the top example extends beyond
the length of the pipe.

The WAVELENGTH/PRESSURE PULSE length at 2000 RPM
is LONGER than the TUNED LENGTH of the exhaust
pipe.

Now when you open the cut-out at 2000-3500 RPM
on the street, you notice a lack of POWER. People say "I lost
BACKPRESSURE...That's Why I lost power!"

THAT IS NOT TRUE. By opening the cut out, you
have changed the tuning of the exhaust for the
RPM range you are using. Think about a pipe organ. Wonder why each
note on the pipe organ has a DIFFERENT LENGTH of pipe? 

"But why does the frequency of the exhaust decide how much power u
make?"

It does not decide how much, but when the power
comes in. The _pipe length_ in the exhaust has everything to do
with how much power is made.

If you read up a few paragraphs you will see talk of
reflected pulses and exhaust pressure.

At 2000 RPM an exhaust pulse is 50 inches _(for example)._ If we
cut a pipe to be "resonant" at 2000 RPM, it would need to be 50
inches. This pipe would only be resonant at ONE RPM, and ONE
frequency. The reflected pulse at 2000 RPM will reach
the exhaust port and create a LOW PRESSURE area.

While the valves are opening and closing, the pulse
is reflecting back at 2000 RPM, everything is tuned
and resonant...which means it is highly efficient.

Someone driving around in the city would tune their
exhaust to this length because it would be more
efficient from 1000 to 3000 RPM with a PEAK at
around 2000 RPM (or somewhere in the middle).

When this guy goes racing, he opens his cut out. But today, he wants
to open the cut out and drive around town. The pipe is now
cut _smaller_ in length. The tuned length is somewhere in the 5000
RPM range.

While he drives around at 2000 RPM, the exhaust
pressure pulses are still going to have a 50 inch
wavelength...but... The cut-out does not allow the reflected pulse to
come back 180 degrees out of phase.

The reflected pulse returns at a higher pressure
at the port.

Check out this diagram: 

Notice the top section on the left and right side.

There is a hump with a green line highlighting the
highest point of the hump. Also notice the RPM
at where the peak of the hump occurs.

Directly below each is a simulated torque and horsepower graph. Which
side represents a tuned exhaust for a SHORT PIPE, or CUT OUT?

Answer: Example two!

Just remember it's not BACKPRESSURE that is causing the torque loss,
it's all about the tuning - you need to select a pipe length that
provides the best power curve in a window of RPM that the car
requires. 

Just like above, if you're going to be racing,
place the cut-out in a spot that improves the
resonant RPM to around 5000 RPM (like the right
side). On a Thirdgen Camaro/Firebird this would be right around the
catalytic converter area.

Then everything above and below 5000 RPM will
taper off within your shift window (4000-6000 RPM).

at 7:19:00 PM
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SATURDAY, JULY 30, 2016

2016 FORD FOCUS RS - FULL SPECS



Rally-driver wannabes and hot-hatch hooligans, your wait is over: The
Focus RS is here. With a turbocharged 2.3-liter four-cylinder that
sends 350 hp and 350 lb-ft of torque to all four wheels, the RS comes
standard with a six-speed manual and a unique torque-vectoring system.
Michelin Pilot Super Sports wrap nineteen-inch wheels; a 0-60 time of
4.6 seconds . Developed with input from Ken Block, we judge the RS to
be better than the Subaru WRX, WRX STI, and VW Golf R.



__ 19/25 mpg

EPA
__ 4.6 sec

0-60
__ 350 hp

HP
__ 165 mph

SPECIFICATIONS

VEHICLE

EPA Classification
Mid-Size Cars

WEIGHT INFORMATION

Base Curb Weight
N/A

EXTERIOR DIMENSIONS

Wheelbase
104.3

Length, Overall
171.7

Width, Max w/o mirrors
71.7

Height, Overall
58.4

Track Width, Front
61.2

Track Width, Rear
60.4

Min Ground Clearance
N/A

Liftover Height
N/A

INTERIOR DIMENSIONS

Passenger Capacity
5

Passenger Volume
90.7

Front Head Room
39.1

Front Leg Room
41.9

Front Shoulder Room
55.6

Front Hip Room
53.9

Second Head Room
37.9

Second Leg Room
33.4

Second Shoulder Room
52.6

Second Hip Room
52.8

CARGO AREA DIMENSIONS

Cargo Volume with Rear Seat Up
23.8

Cargo Volume with Rear Seat Down
44.8

Trunk Volume
N/A

ENGINE

Engine Type
Turbocharged and intercooled inline-4

Displacement
2.3 L/138

Fuel Delivery
Direct injection

Horsepower @ RPM
350 @ 6000

Torque @ RPM
350 @ 3200

TRANSMISSION

Drivetrain
All Wheel Drive

Trans Order Code

Transmission Type
6-speed manual

First Gear Ratio (:1)
3.23

Second Gear Ratio (:1)
1.95

Third Gear Ratio (:1)
1.32

Fourth Gear Ratio (:1)
1.03

Fifth Gear Ratio (:1)
1.13

Sixth Gear Ratio (:1)
0.94

Reverse Ratio (:1)
1.42

Final Drive Axle Ratio (:1)
4.06

STEERING

Steering Ratio (:1), Overall
N/A

Lock to Lock Turns (Steering)
N/A

Turning Diameter - Curb to Curb
37.4

Turning Diameter - Wall to Wall
N/A

SUSPENSION

Suspension Type - Front
Strut

Suspension Type - Rear
Control-arm

BRAKES

Brake Type
N/A

Disc - Front (Yes or )
Yes

Disc - Rear (Yes or )
Yes

Drum - Rear (Yes or )

WHEELS

Front Wheel Size
19 X 8

Rear Wheel Size
19 X 8

Spare Wheel Size

Front Wheel Material
Aluminum

Rear Wheel Material
Aluminum

TIRES

Front Tire Size
P235/35YR19

Rear Tire Size
P235/35YR19

Spare Tire Size

FUEL TANK

Fuel Tank Capacity, Approx
N/A

Aux Fuel Tank Capacity, Approx
N/A

MILEAGE

EPA Fuel Economy Est - Hwy
25 (Est)

Cruising Range - City
N/A

EPA Fuel Economy Est - City
19 (Est)

Fuel Economy Est-Combined
22 (Est)

Cruising Range - Hwy
N/A

EPA MPG Equivalent - City
N/A

EPA MPG Equivalent - Hwy
N/A

EPA MPG Equivalent - Combined
N/A

Battery Range
N/A

EMISSIONS

Tons/yr of CO2 Emissions @ 15K mi/year
8.0 (Est)

EPA Greenhouse Gas Score
N/A

TRAILERING

Dead Weight Hitch - Max Trailer Wt.
N/A

Dead Weight Hitch - Max Tongue Wt.
N/A

Wt Distributing Hitch - Max Trailer Wt.
N/A

Wt Distributing Hitch - Max Tongue Wt.
N/A



FEATURES

SAFETY

Electronic Stability Control (ESC)

ABS And Driveline Traction Control

Side Impact Beams

Dual Stage Driver And Passenger Seat-Mounted Side Airbags

911 Assist Emergency S.O.S

Low Tire Pressure Warning

Dual Stage Driver And Passenger Front Airbags

Curtain 1st And 2nd Row Airbags

Airbag Occupancy Sensor

Driver Knee Airbag

Mykey System -inc: Top Speed Limiter, Audio Volume Limiter, Early
Low Fuel Warning, Programmable Sound Chimes and Beltminder w/Audio
Mute

Rear Child Safety Locks

Outboard Front Lap And Shoulder Safety Belts -inc: Rear Center 3
Point, Height Adjusters and Pretensioners

Back-Up Camera

ENTERTAINMENT

Radio: Sony Audio System w/10 Speakers -inc: HD Radio and SiriusXM
radio, SiriusXM includes a 6-month prepaid subscription, Service is
not available in Alaska and Hawaii, Subscriptions to all SiriusXM
services are sold by SiriusXM after trial period, If you decide to
continue service after your trial, the subscription plan you choose
will automatically renew thereafter and you will be charged according
to your chosen payment method at then-current rates, Fees and taxes
apply, To cancel you must call SiriusXM at 1-866-635-2349, See
SiriusXM Customer Agreement for complete terms at www.siriusxm.com,
All fees and programming subject to change, Sirius, XM and all related
marks and logos are trademarks of Sirius XM Radio Inc,

Radio w/Seek-Scan, Clock, Speed Compensated Volume Control and Radio
Data System

Wireless Streaming

Integrated Roof Antenna

2 LCD Monitors In The Front

EXTERIOR

Wheels: 19" Premium Painted Alloy

Tires: 19" Michelin Super Sport Summer

Spare Tire Mobility Kit

Clearcoat Paint

Body-Colored Front Bumper

Body-Colored Rear Bumper w/Black Rub Strip/Fascia Accent

Rocker Panel Extensions

Black Side Windows Trim and Black Front Windshield Trim

Body-Colored Door Handles

Body-Colored Power Side Mirrors w/Convex Spotter, Manual Folding and
Turn Signal Indicator

Fixed Rear Window w/Fixed Interval Wiper, Heated Wiper Park and
Defroster

Light Tinted Glass

Variable Intermittent Wipers

Fully Galvanized Steel Panels

Wing Spoiler

Black Grille

Liftgate Rear Cargo Access

Tailgate/Rear Door Lock Included w/Power Door Locks

Fully Automatic Projector Beam High Intensity Low Beam Daytime
Running Auto-Leveling Directionally Adaptive Headlamps w/Delay-Off

Front Fog Lamps

Cornering Lights

Perimeter/Approach Lights

INTERIOR

6-Way Driver Seat

4-Way Passenger Seat

60-40 Folding Bench Front Facing Flip Forward Cushion/Seatback Rear
Seat

Manual Tilt/Telescoping Steering Column

Gauges -inc: Speedometer, Odometer, Oil Pressure, Engine Coolant
Temp, Tachometer, Turbo/Supercharger Boost, Oil Temperature, Trip
Odometer and Trip Computer

Power Rear Windows

5 Person Seating Capacity

Leather Steering Wheel

Front Cupholder

Rear Cupholder

Compass

Proximity Key For Doors And Push Button Start

Remote Keyless Entry w/Integrated Key Transmitter, Illuminated Entry
and Panic Button

Cruise Control w/Steering Wheel Controls

Dual Zone Front Automatic Air Conditioning

HVAC -inc: Underseat Ducts

Glove Box

Driver Foot Rest

Partial Leather Recaro Seats -inc: 6-way manual driver seat
(up/down, fore/aft, recline), 4-way manual passenger seat (fore/aft,
recline), 4-way head restraints and RS logo

Interior Trim -inc: Chrome Interior Accents

Full Cloth Headliner

Cloth Door Trim Insert

Leather/Aluminum Gear Shift Knob

Day-Night Rearview Mirror

Driver And Passenger Visor Vanity Mirrors w/Driver And Passenger
Illumination

Full Floor Console w/Covered Storage and 2 12V DC Power Outlets

Front And Rear Map Lights

Fade-To-Off Interior Lighting

Full Carpet Floor Covering -inc: Carpet Front And Rear Floor Mats

Carpet Floor Trim

Cargo Area Concealed Storage

Rigid Cargo Cover

Cargo Features -inc: Spare Tire Mobility Kit

Cargo Space Lights

SYNC 3 Communications & Entertainment System -inc: enhanced voice
recognition, 8" center LCD touch screen w/swiping and pinch-to-zoom
capabilities, AppLink, 911 Assist, 2 smart charging USB ports, VHR,
SYNC Services, Bluetooth, steering wheel controls, and auxiliary input
jack

FOB Controls -inc: Trunk/Hatch/Tailgate

Instrument Panel Bin, Driver / Passenger And Rear Door Bins

Power 1st Row Windows w/Front And Rear 1-Touch Up/Down

Delayed Accessory Power

Power Door Locks w/Autolock Feature

Systems Monitor

Trip Computer

Outside Temp Gauge

Analog Display

Seats w/Cloth Back Material

Manual Adjustable Rear Head Restraints

Front Center Armrest

1 Seatback Storage Pocket

Perimeter Alarm

Securilock Anti-Theft Ignition (pats) Engine Immobilizer

2 12V DC Power Outlets

Air Filtration

MECHANICAL

Engine: 2.3L GTDI -inc: auto start-stop technology

Transmission: 6-Speed Manual

Engine Auto Stop-Start Feature

Transmission w/Driver Selectable Mode

Automatic Full-Time All-Wheel Drive

4.06 Axle Ratio

590CCA Maintenance-Free Battery w/Run Down Protection

Gas-Pressurized Shock Absorbers

Front And Rear Anti-Roll Bars

Driver Control Ride Control Sport Tuned Suspension

Electric Power-Assist Steering

Quasi-Dual Stainless Steel Exhaust w/Polished Tailpipe Finisher

Permanent Locking Hubs

Strut Front Suspension w/Coil Springs

Short And Long Arm Rear Suspension w/Coil Springs

4-Wheel Disc Brakes w/4-Wheel ABS, Front Vented Discs, Brake Assist
and Hill Hold Control

Brake Actuated Limited Slip Differential



SAFETY & WARRANTY

WARRANTY

Basic:
3 Years/36,000 Miles

Drivetrain:
5 Years/60,000 Miles

Corrosion:
5 Years/Unlimited Miles

Roadside Assistance:
5 Years/60,000 Miles

at 9:32:00 PM

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